All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter briefly stating the significance of the research, agreement of authors for publication, number of figures and tables, supporting manuscripts, and supplementary information. Please suggestat least two potential peer reviewers who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript's quality. Any peer reviewers suggested should not have recently published with any of the authors of your manuscript, should not be members of the same research institution and should not be members of any research institutions from the same country with the authors.
Research Articles: This regular or full paper should be written in the style described in “Instruction to Authors”. It should contain new and significant information as well as sufficient details to enable others to repeat the work.
Short Notes: These papers may be short research reports which contain material of unusual interest but which are not sufficient to form the basis of a regular paper. Such communications must not exceed four printed pages (10 double-spaced typewritten pages) including figure(s), table(s) and references. Each note must have a short abstract of no more than 50 words. Do not use section headings in the body of the text.
Review Articles: These papers will be published upon invitation only and should not exceed 25 pages of printed text, including tables, figures and references.
The first page of the manuscript should include the following information:
- The title of the paper, which should be concise.
- A maximum of 5 keywords.
- The names of the author (Please provide the full name of all authors and underline the surname)
- Present addresses of authors.
- Complete name, address, telephone, fax numbers and an e-mail address of all the corresponding and co- authors.
Download the manuscript check list here
Should be written in a structured format(between 150-250 words) presenting concisely the (i) aims, (ii) methodology and results and (iii) conclusion, significance and impact of study. For example:
Aims: Prodigiosin is a bright red pigment produced by certain strains of Serratia marcescens, characterized by a common pyrrolylpyrromethane skeleton. This pigment is found to possess antibacterial, antifungal, immunosuppressive and antiproliferative activity. The present study aimed at designing process parameters for the enhanced production of this pigment. Methodology and Results: Peptone glycerol broth was selected as the best synthetic medium. The effects of various media components and process parameters like carbon and nitrogen sources, temperature, pH, incubation period and other supplements were investigated. Maximal amount of prodigiosin was produced at temperature 25 °C, pH 7.0 and incubation period of 48 h. Supplementation of media with maltose and peptone yielded maximal amount of prodigiosin. Incorporation of minimal amount of supplements like silica gel, iron salts, inorganic phosphate also showed promising results. Chromatographic separations suggested that prodigiosin is made up of three different fractions (purple, orange and red). Further investigation of antimicrobial properties of prodigiosin revealed that it is a potent inhibitor against gram positive bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus and fungal pathogens like Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis and Cryptococcus sp. This antimicrobial potency remained stable under a wide range of temperature and pH. The antioxidant capacity of prodigiosin was found to be 22.05 Bg ascorbic acid equivalents/mL of extract. When applied to textiles, prodigiosin resisted the action of acid, alkali and detergent. Conclusion, Significance and Impact of study: Besides combating gram positive bacterial pathogens and some pathogenic yeasts, prodigiosin with strong dyeing and antioxidant activity may find broad applications in textile and therapeutic industries.
Neatly typed on one side of an A4 size paper, double-spaced throughout (all parts including title, address, captions, tables and references) and with wide margin (2.5 cm on all 4 sides). Use line numbers for review copies, and remove them for final copy. Primary headings (all in upper case and bold) are INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND/OR DISCUSSION, REFERENCES and ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if any). Sub-heading can be used when necessary and written in lower case and bold. Footnotes should not be used.
Introduction should provide brief background of the work in the relevant field and the reason why it is worth studying as well as the objectives of the work.
2. MATERIALS AND METHODS
This section should include sufficient details of technical information to allow the work to be repeated. The source of uncommon chemicals and research materials should be given.
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The results and discussion section can be separated. Sub-heading can be used where appropriate to organise the results. Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results and its relationship with other relevant published work.
List at the end of the paper and placed in alphabetical order.
Some examples are given as follows:
Journal article Saha, B. C. and Zeikus, J. G. (1989). Improved method for preparing high maltose conversion strups. Biotechnology and Bioengineering43: 23 – 25.
Book Agrios, G. N. (1988). Plant pathology. Academic Press. New York. pp. 15 – 20.
Chapter in a book Bailey, J. A., O’Connell, R. J. and Nash, C. (1992). Infection strategies of Colletotrichum species. In: Colletotrichum – Biology, Pathology and Control. Bailey, J. A. and Jeger, M. J. (eds.). CAB International, Wallingford, England. pp. 88-120.
Thesis Uronu, A. B. (1989). Studies on the infection of pea (Pisum sativum) by Colletotrichum pisi. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Bristol, U. K.
Conference Proceeding Papers Green, P. N. Wood, D. C. and Dow, C. F. (2002). Taxonomic status of some methogens. In: Crawford A. D. and Lind, B. C. (eds.). Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. U.S.A. pp.141-145.
Internet references are not encouraged.
Each table should be typed on a separate page. Use Arabic numerals, e.g. Table 1 and numbered consecutively. Tables should be constructed based on the format given:
Submit relevant figures only. Figures and photographs should be labeled as Figure and submitted on a separate page. Figures should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. For digitally generated photographs, the resolution should be at least 300 d.p.i. Photographs should be supplied in black and white and have good contrast. Colour figures are welcomed for online publication, however, the hardcopy publication will be printed in black and white.
Units and Abbreviations
Use only SI units of measurement, (e.g. cm, kg, g, mL, L, sec, min, h) and other common units (e.g. bp, kb and Da). The use of abbreviation should be avoided except for those universally accepted. Define each abbreviation and introduce it in parentheses the first time it is used.
A few examples are as follows:
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), cDNA (complementary DNA), NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), NADP (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate), PFU (plaque-forming units), CFU (colonyforming units), PCR (polymerase chain reaction), ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), SDS (sodium dodecyl sulphate).
Nomenclature of Microorganisms
Microorganisms must be correctly named following the current codes for bacteria, yeasts, fungi, algae and protozoa.