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[Vol. 34, No. 1, 2016]



Published by
Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Print ISSN: 0127-4082
Online ISSN: 2180-4273
Frequency: Biannually
Current Issue: Volume 34, No. 1, 2016
Abstracting/Indexing: EBSCO, Genamics JournalSeek, Google Scholar, MyCite, Bibliography of Asian Studies (BAS), Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), JURN

Kajian Malaysia is listed in Scopus and ERA Ranked Journal List.

USM has extended content delivery format for its journals’ publication in print and PDF to include ePub, to address the growing need for more mobile accessibility.

News: Kajian Malaysia bags inaugural Ministry of Education CREAM Award
:: Aims & Scope

Kajian Malaysia is a refereed journal committed to the advancement of scholarly knowledge of Malaysia by encouraging discussion among the several branches of social sciences and humanities. The journal publishes articles, reviews and notes which by their content or approach, is of interest to a wide range of scholars. Although the journal would focus mainly on works in the field of Malaysian studies, articles with a theoretical content may also be published.

Kajian Malaysia is published by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia by an autonomous Editorial Board drawn from staff members of the University. The Board is assisted by a panel of distinguished scholars from local and foreign universities.

The journal pursues a bilingual publishing policy (Bahasa Malaysia and English). The Editorial Board reserves the right to decide which language an article will appear in, and will undertake to provide professionally acceptable translations.


:: Publication Ethics

Kajian Malaysia adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards on publications ethics. For further details please visit:


:: Current Issue

Volume 34, No. 1, 2016

Title: Language, Mass Media, and Democracy: The Debate over "Kalimah Allah" in The Malaysian Print and Online Media
Author: Eva Eichenauer
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 1–33, 2016
- Abstract  

Through a comparative media analysis, this paper examines the media coverage of the print dailies Utusan Malaysia and The Star as well as the online news site MalaysiaKini on the debate over kalimah Allah that gained momentum in early 2010, when the High Court allowed Christians in Malaysia to use the term Allah for addressing God in their religious services and publications. A systems theoretical approach is used to study the interrelation of mass media and the political system. Although one might assume that because of the highly controlled print media, Malaysia's realities are challenged only via "online dissent", this study suggests that Malaysia's linguistically plural public sphere offers multiple re-presentations of reality even within the highly restricted context print publications operate in. It also shows that the print media landscape not only reflects and reproduces the ethnic-based division of Malaysia's political system, but is a key player in actively creating the ethnic division of Malaysian society that is crucial for the ruling coalition to stay in power. Hence, this paper argues that, even though technological innovations do offer spaces to create alternative realities, in a multi-lingual national context as in Malaysia, the interrelation between language and news content is an even more crucial element of constructing shared knowledge and collective identities.

Keywords: systems theory, mass media, Internet, democratisation, language

Title: Global Habitus: Collectivist and Individualist Values in Cultural Capital among Chinese Malaysian Youth
Author: Rachel Chan Suet Kay, Juli Edo and Rosila Bee Hussain
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 35–57, 2016
- Abstract  

This paper highlights how Chinese-educated Chinese Malaysian undergraduate youth display a preference for not only collectivist but also individualist values, as indicated by the cultural capital based on preference in books. The study is based on the theoretical framework of cultural capital as introduced by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, and the choice of book preference as indicator follows a large scale study of modern China by Wang, Davis and Yanjie (2006). It is found that contrary to literature which suggests that the Chinese diaspora are more prone to collectivism, respondents of this small-scale study show openness to both collectivist and individualistic values. This indicates a cultural homogenisation effect on the cultural capital possession of respondents. As the study only includes a convenience sample of Chinese Malaysian undergraduates pursuing their undergraduate study through a Chinese-language medium, the findings are not meant to generalise the entire population.

Keywords: books, cultural capital, Chinese Malaysian, individualist values, collectivist values

Title: Policing and Protecting Women: Some Aspects of Malay-Islamic Law-Making Under British Colonialism
Author: Maznah Mohamad
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 59–78, 2016
- Abstract  

Some aspects of Malay-Islamic law-making, specifically on marriage, sexual offences and land succession and ownership rights during colonial times are discussed here. The study uncovers the gender-based dynamics of negotiation, accommodation and conflict between British administrators and Malay rulers, which drew several themes and questions in relation to women's place in society then. British colonial officials seemed benevolently supportive of Malay women's integral economic role in the social and cultural cohesion of their community. On the other hand, Malay male rulers seemed intent at reclaiming their emasculated authority from colonial powers by focusing on aspects of male-female relationships. To do so would be to attain assertion and control over their designated private sphere of religion, family and sexual relations. On land matters, the British took a more primeval view of customs and acted in such a way that customary matrilineal land could be preserved in entirety through law. But in land matters Malay rulers did not treat customs as necessarily unchangeable as they were aware that a material resource such as land could be valorised monetarily. Some other developments took place, with colonial officers not wanting anything personal to be regulated, while local rulers wanted the personal, particularly relationships between the sexes to be even more widely regulated. Ultimately it was the power to use modern law as an instrument of control, which decided the differing positions of the two parties. By centralising gender in the study of socio-legal history of law-making we see the confluence of imperial agenda and Malay ruling interests in affecting and entrenching masculinity through the motions of policing and protecting women.

Keywords: Malay women, sexual relations, colonial Malaya, Islamic law, customary land

Title: Why Emotion at Work Matters: Examining The Influence of Emotional Labour and Emotional Intelligence on Workplace Behaviours among Service Workers in East Malaysia
Author: Magdalene Ang Chooi Hwa and Hanudin Amin
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 79–105, 2016
- Abstract  

Using the emotion regulation theory as an analytical framework, this paper investigates the direct effects of emotional labour and emotional intelligence on two workplace behaviours, i.e. organisational citizenship behaviour and deviant workplace behaviour. It also explores how these path linkages could be moderated by emotional intelligence. Data were gathered via survey questionnaires on 205 service employees and their co-workers in East Malaysia. The results show that emotional labour and emotional intelligence significantly influenced the two workplace behaviours in the expected directions. Emotional intelligence was also found to significantly moderate the relationship between emotional labour and deviant behaviour, but not that of emotional labour and organisational citizenship behaviour. Finally, theoretical, managerial and future research implications are included.

Keywords: emotional labour, emotional intelligence, organisational citizenship behaviour, deviant workplace behaviour, service sector

Title: Punk dan Budaya Penentangan: Kajian Kes Rumah Api, Kuala Lumpur
Author: Sharifah Nursyahidah Syed Annuar, Muhamad Takiyuddin Ismail & Muhammad Febriansyah
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 107–133, 2016
- Abstract  

Sub-budaya punk berakar dari muzik alternatif dan fesyen tetapi ia mempunyai tradisi kuat dengan politik anti-establishment dan penentangan terhadap sistem kapitalis yang dominan. Justeru, kebanyakan negara khususnya Malaysia memandang budaya punk sebagai negatif kerana ia disifatkan sebagai satu bentuk penyimpangan moral. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengimbangi pandangan-pandangan itu dengan menghubungkan punk dengan tindakan politik yang positif. Artikel ini memfokuskan kepada Rumah Api iaitu tempat perkumpulan utama bagi komuniti punk di Kuala Lumpur, dan juga dikenali dengan baik oleh sebahagian besar komuniti punk di Malaysia dan di negara-negara lain. Sebagai simbolik sub-budaya, ketidakakuran budaya dan budaya penentangan, Rumah Api boleh difahami sebagai ekspresi terhadap autoriti dan kapitalisme. Peranannya sebagai simbol budaya penentangan juga berfungsi sebagai kaedah untuk membina identiti individu dan kolektif. Dalam hal ini, penelitian tentang Rumah Api dapat memberikan pemahaman lanjut tidak hanya kepada bagaimana sub-budaya punk memperkasakan seseorang secara peribadi, bahkan bagaimana ia memiliki kaitan dengan konteks politik, ekonomi dan sosial yang mendasari masyarakat. Tindakan atau aksi politik Rumah Api dilihat dipengaruhi oleh prinsip "do-it-yourself" (DIY), anarkisme dan kebebasan. Namun komuniti Rumah Api menghalakan kegiatan mereka kepada kempen sosiopolitik yang positif dan bukannya aktiviti yang subversif dari sudut moral. Hal ini boleh dilihat menerusi aktiviti-aktiviti Really, Really Free Market, Food Not Bombs, Kempen Penentangan Terhadap Projek Lebuh Raya Bertingkat Sungai Besi-Ulu Kelang (SUKE), "Lepak Anarki" dan Federasi ANTARA, bengkel, pameran dan diskusi. Malah, konsert kecil-kecilan atau gig diadakan untuk mendokong isu-isu semasa. Mutakhir ini, mereka juga semakin aktif mengikuti protes dan demonstrasi jalanan tertentu sehingga mendapat perhatian khusus dari pihak berkuasa. Justeru, artikel ini mengesyorkan bahawa Rumah Api merupakan contoh terbaik mengenai aktiviti komuniti punk yang merentasi muzik dan fesyen.

Keywords: punk, Rumah Api, sub-budaya, keakuran, budaya penentangan

Book Review

Title: Templer and the Road to Malayan Independence: The Man and His Time, by Leon Comber, Singapore: ISEAS, 2015, 239 pp.
  Abu Talib Ahmad
Source: Kajian Malaysia 34(1) 135–138, 2016