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[Vol. 37, No. 1, 2019]

 

 

Published by
Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Print ISSN: 0127-4082
Online ISSN: 2180-4273
Frequency: Biannually
Current Issue: Volume 37, No. 1, 2019
Abstracting/Indexing: EBSCO, Genamics JournalSeek, Google Scholar, MyCite, Bibliography of Asian Studies (BAS), Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), JURN, ASEAN Citation Index (ACI), BrillOnline Biblipographies

Kajian Malaysia is listed in Scopus and ERA Ranked Journal List.

USM has extended content delivery format for its journals’ publication in print and PDF to include ePub, to address the growing need for more mobile accessibility.

News: Kajian Malaysia bags inaugural Ministry of Education CREAM Award
 
:: Aims & Scope
 

Kajian Malaysia is a refereed journal committed to the advancement of scholarly knowledge of Malaysia by encouraging discussion among the several branches of social sciences and humanities. The journal publishes articles, reviews and notes which by their content or approach, is of interest to a wide range of scholars. Although the journal would focus mainly on works in the field of Malaysian studies, articles with a theoretical content may also be published.

Kajian Malaysia is published by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia by an autonomous Editorial Board drawn from staff members of the University. The Board is assisted by a panel of distinguished scholars from local and foreign universities.

The journal pursues a bilingual publishing policy (Bahasa Malaysia and English). The Editorial Board reserves the right to decide which language an article will appear in, and will undertake to provide professionally acceptable translations.

 

:: Publication Ethics
 

Kajian Malaysia adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards on publications ethics. For further details please visit:

 

:: Current Issue

Volume 37, No. 1, 2019
 

Title: Determinants of Malaysian Private College Graduates in Choosing a Public-Sector Career
Author: Woo Kuan Heong and Teng Kee Tuan
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 1–25, 2019
 
- Abstract  

This study investigates factors affecting private college graduating students seeking public employment after graduation using a cross-sectional survey that involved 1,290 final-year students of a private college in Malaysia. Findings suggest that job characteristics, and some background and personal characteristics are significant determinants of respondents seeking government jobs. The study also found that the perception of discrimination against minority groups in public sector recruitment and promotion practices is prevalent among respondents. This study provides useful information to policymakers and employers in devising appropriate measures to attract talents. It is also useful to career counsellors in providing career advice to students to develop their career plans.

Keywords: sectoral preference, college student, public employment, job characteristics, attractiveness discrimination

Title: Language and Identity: A Reappraisal of Negeri Sembilan Malay Language
Author: Idris Aman, Mohammad Fadzeli Jaafar and Norsimah Mat Awal
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 27–49, 2019
 
- Abstract  

INegeri Sembilan, as one of the states in Malaysia, has been greatly influenced by the Minangkabau culture, in particular the Perpatih custom which led to the socalled misunderstanding that Negeri Sembilan Malay language (NSML) resembles or is similar to the Minangkabau language. This article aims to describe the distinctive phonological features of Negeri Sembilan language to mark its identity and therefore prove that it is free from the Minangkabau linguistic influence. This study utilises the Swadesh word list of 100 words to test pronunciation. Thirty informants were involved and they are speakers of the Negeri Sembilan Malay language and speakers of the Minangkabau language both in Malaysia and Sumatera. The research was conducted in Kuala Pilah, Rembau, and Beranang in Malaysia, while in Indonesia the data was collected in Paya Kumbuh, Bukit Tinggi, and Padang. Based on the 100 words tested, this study observed 17 pronunciation patterns in Negeri Sembilan language that are distinct from the Minangkabau language, specifically they are 10 vowel sounds patterns and 7 consonant sounds patterns. From these 17 patterns, 13 only occur in NSML and the remaining 4 patterns occur in both NSML and the Minangkabau language. Hence, it can be concluded that the Negeri Sembilan language has its own distinctive phonological identity, thus distinguishing it from the Minangkabau linguistic features.

Keywords: Negeri Sembilan Malay language, Minangkabau language, phonological features, identity

Title: “Sook Ching” 1942 dan Penglibatan Sekolah Menengah Chung Ling Pulau Pinang: Suatu Interpretasi Baru
“Sook Ching” 1942 and the Involvement of Chung Ling High School Penang: A New Interpretation
Author: Tan Chee Seng
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 51–82, 2019
 
- Abstract  

Pada awal Zaman Pendudukan Jepun (1942–1945) di Tanah Melayu telah berlaku Operasi “Sook Ching” oleh pentadbiran tentera Jepun untuk menghapuskan orang Cina yang anti-Jepun. Operasi tersebut bermula di Singapura pada bulan Februari 1942 dan diperluaskan ke negeri-negeri Melayu, menjadikan Singapura sebagai tumpuan kajian sarjana berkaitan operasi tersebut. Pada hakikatnya, Operasi “Sook Ching” di Pulau Pinang terutamanya kes di Sekolah Menengah Chung Ling Pulau Pinang merupakan peristiwa tergempar di Tanah Melayu. Selain keunikannya sebagai sebuah sekolah Cina terkenal di Tanah Melayu, Chung Ling menjadi sasaran utama tentera Jepun disebabkan hubungan rapat warga sekolah dengan pihak Kuomintang (KMT) dan penglibatan aktif mereka menyokong China dalam Perang China-Jepun sejak tahun 1937. Kajian ini membincangkan perjalanan operasi tersebut pada tahun 1942 terutamanya pada 5 dan 6 April terhadap guru dan pelajar Chung Ling. Perbincangan ini disusuli dengan perbicaraan terhadap mereka yang bertanggungjawab dalam kes ini selepas kekalahan Jepun dan peringatan warga Chung Ling terhadap peristiwa tersebut. Artikel ini mengkaji latar belakang dan penglibatan aktif Chung Ling dalam aktiviti anti-Jepun yang menjadikan sekolah tersebut sebagai sasaran utama tentera Jepun sehingga melalui satu pengalaman paling ngeri dalam kalangan institusi pendidikan tempatan, dan merupakan kes paling ketara dalam Operasi “Sook Ching” bukan sahaja di Pulau Pinang, bahkan di Tanah Melayu. Hasil kajian ini diperoleh khususnya berdasarkan sumber bahasa Cina berkaitan Chung Ling yang tidak ditemui daripada mana-mana sumber. Justeru artikel ini akan memberi suatu interpretasi baru dalam kajian “Sook Ching” yang memaparkan sebuah sekolah juga menerima kesan begitu ketara dalam operasi tersebut.

Kata kunci: “Sook Ching”, Chung Ling, Pulau Pinang, Zaman Pendudukan Jepun, David Chen

In the early Japanese Occupation in Malaya (1942–1945), the “Sook Ching” Operation was carried out by the Japanese military administration to eliminate the anti-Japanese Chinese. The operation started in Singapore in February 1942 and extended to the other Malay states, making Singapore the scholars’ focal point in studying the operation. In fact, that “Sook Ching” Operation in Penang, especially the case of Chung Ling High School was a shocking event in Malaya. Besides the uniqueness of being the famous Chinese school in Malaya, Chung Ling was the main target of the Japanese army because of its close relationship with the Kuomintang (KMT) and the active involvement in supporting China in Sino-Japanese War since 1937. This study discusses the implementation of the operation in 1942, especially on 5 and 6 April upon the teachers and students of Chung Ling. This is followed by the trial of the people responsible for this case after the Japanese defeat and Chung Ling’s remembrance of the incident. This article is about Chung Ling’s background and active involvement in anti- Japanese activities, making the school the main target of the Japanese military until the school faced the most horrifying experience among the local education institutions, and was notable for the “Sook Ching” Operation, not only in Pulau Pinang, but also in Malaya. This article which is based especially on the Chinese language sources related to Chung Ling that could not be found in other sources, will give a new interpretation of the “Sook Ching” research that portrays a school which was obviously affected by the operation.

Keywords: “Sook Ching”, Chung Ling, Pulau Pinang, Japanese Occupation Period, David Chen

Title: Kajian Perkataan Bahasa Cina Berkaitan dengan Pendidikan yang Digunakan di Malaysia Berdasarkan Korpus Berkomputer
A Study of Education-Related Chinese Words Used in Malaysia Based Computer Corpus
Author: Lau Su Kia and Su’ad Awab
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 83–107, 2019
 
- Abstract  

Penyelidikan ini dijalankan untuk mengkaji perkataan-perkataan bahasa Cina berkaitan dengan pendidikan yang berciri tempatan berdasarkan data Korpus Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) serta faktor-faktor kewujudannya. KPM menjadi korpus utama, manakala Korpus Pendidikan China (KPC) dijadikan sebagai korpus perbandingan, dan BLCU Chinese Corpus (BCC) dijadikan sebagai korpus rujukan. Data KPM terdiri daripada berita nasional dan artikel yang membincangkan isu-isu pendidikan tempatan dalam tiga jenis akhbar bahasa Cina di Malaysia, iaitu Sinchew Daily, Nanyang Siang Pau dan Guang Ming Daily dari Januari 2011 hingga Disember 2013. Data KPM yang diberi tag dimasukkan ke dalam perisian AntConc 3.2.4w untuk diproses. Perkataan-perkataan yang berkaitan dengan pendidikan diperoleh daripada senarai perkataan dalam perisian tersebut lalu dikenal pasti melalui kaedah menyemak Kamus Ensiklopedia Pendidikan dan juga merujuk kepada lapan orang pakar. Seterusnya, perkataanperkataan tersebut dicari satu demi satu dalam KPC dan BCC. Terdapat sebanyak 69 perkataan berkaitan dengan pendidikan yang berciri tempatan digunakan dalam KPM sahaja. Hampir semua perkataan tersebut ialah kata nama. Hanya satu daripadanya merupakan kata kerja, iaitu 国小化 (menjadikan bercorak sekolah kebangsaan). Sebahagian besar daripada perkataan tersebut berkaitan dengan sekolah, orang yang terlibat dalam pendidikan, pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Konsep, polisi, sistem dan organisasi pendidikan di Malaysia yang berlainan dengan China turut menghasilkan kata-kata nama yang berciri tempatan. Kepelbagaian sekolah, kelas dan etnik di Malaysia juga melahirkan kata-kata nama berciri tempatan yang merujuk kepada sekolah, kelas dan pelajar. Selain daripada faktor sosial, peminjaman, penterjemahan daripada bahasa Melayu dan penyingkatan kata juga merupakan faktor-faktor kewujudan perkataan-perkataan yang berciri tempatan. Terdapat juga perkataan yang dicipta merujuk kepada perayaan yang berkaitan dengan pendidikan di Malaysia. Diharapkan agar dapatan kajian ini dapat dimasukkan ke dalam kamus bahasa Cina global pada masa hadapan untuk menjadikan kamus tersebut lebih terkini.

Kata kunci: perkataan, bahasa Cina, pendidikan, tempatan, korpus

The purpose of this study is to identify local Chinese education-related words based on the Malaysian Education Corpus (KPM) and its resulting factors. KPM is the main corpus, while the China Education Corpus (KPC) is a comparable corpus and BLCU Chinese Corpus (BCC) is a reference corpus. KPM data include national news and articles related to the issue of education in three types of Chinese newspapers in Malaysia from January 2011 to December 2013, namely Sinchew Daily, Nanyang Siang Pau and Guang Ming Daily. After KPM was tagged, it was then run through AntConc 3.2.4w software to be processed. Education-related words obtained from a wordlist were then identified and validated by checking against a dictionary for education encyclopedia and then referred to eight experts. These words were then searched in the KPC and BCC. A total of 69 local education words which are only used in the KPM were detected. Almost all of these words are nouns, and only one word is a verb, namely 国小化 (make it like national schools). Most of the local words are related to schools, people involved in education as well as teaching and learning. The differences in concept, policy, system and organisation of education between Malaysia and China have generated local nouns. Diversity of school, class and ethnicity in Malaysia have also produced various types of nouns that refer to local schools, classrooms as well as students. In addition to social factors, borrowing, translation from the Malay language and abbreviation are also factors resulting in the existence of local words. There is also a coined noun which refers to festivals related to education in Malaysia. It is hoped that the findings will be incorporated into global Chinese dictionaries in the future to make the dictionaries more current.

Keywords: word, Chinese, education, local, corpus

Title: Malu Sensitivity and the Identities of Non- Heteronormative Malay Muslim Men in Peninsular Malaysia
Author: Chua Hang-Kuen
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 109–130, 2019
 
- Abstract  

Apart from Islamic heteronormativity, malu (shame) sensitivity remains a significant cultural code of conduct in informing Malays’ social relations and sexualities in public domains. Yet it remains obscure as how malu operates in the mundane lives and governs the identities of non-heteronormative Malay Muslim men in Malay Peninsula. The narrations examined here illuminate the social dynamics of malu sensitivity and how navigating these social dynamics inhibits and permits the expressions of non-heteronormative identities in public. It is concluded that the expressions of their non-heteronormative identities lie between conforming to and resisting the tacit Rousseauian social contract circumscribed by malu sensitivity and Islamic heteronormativity. On the one hand, they have to conform to the tacit social contract and restrain their non-heteronormativities. On the other hand, they capitalise on social tolerance and Islamic sex segregation, draw on gay liberalism discourse, and rely on tactful navigating strategies to resist the social conventions. As a result, their identities become diverse, ambiguous, fragmented and depoliticised.

Keywords: Malay, Muslim, shame culture, homosexuality, identity

Title: The Role of Federalism in Malaysian Low-Cost Housing Provision: The Unexplored Dimension
Author: Andrew Ebekozien, Abdul-Rashid Abdul-Aziz and Mastura Jaafar
Source: Kajian Malaysia 37(1) 131–148, 2019
 
- Abstract  

Various studies have examined federalism in the context of housing provision around the globe. In Malaysia, the tension between the federal and state governments with regard to low-cost housing (LCH) is yet to be explored. This article presents part of the results of a larger research that reveals the tension between federal and state governments with regard to the provision of LCH through a qualitative approach. LCH targets set by the federal government which manifests in five-year economic plans should be met by the various states. To what extent do policy-makers consider the means with which the various states can meet these LCH targets? The states are expected to find the additional funds to deliver the LCH. Findings show there have been instances of a tussle over land and LCH provision between the federal and state governments. Other aspects of federalism which impact on LCH delivery are presented in this paper.

Keywords: federalism, government, housing provision, low-cost housing, Malaysia, qualitative research