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[Vol. 22, No. 1, 2017]


Published by
Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Print ISSN: 1823-6499
Online ISSN: 2180-4222
Frequency: Biannually
Current Issue: Volume 22, No. 1, 2017
Abstracting/Indexing: Scopus, ASEAN Citation Index (ACI), Malaysian Citation Index (MyCite), Malaysian Journal Management System (MyJurnal), EBSCO, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ProQuest, Genamics JournalSeek and Google Scholar.

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries is listed in ERA Ranked Journal List.

USM has extended content delivery format for its journals’ publication in print and PDF to include ePub, to address the growing need for more mobile accessibility.

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries bags Ministry of Education CREAM Award
:: Home

The Journal of Construction in Developing Countries (JCDC) is a scholarly peer-reviewed international publication, invaluable to those who are interested in the issues relevant to the built environment of developing countries. The bi-annual journal is published by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia in cooperation with the working Commission 107 (W107) of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building Construction (CIB). It is building upon the work of the former Journal of Housing Building and Planning by expanding its scope. From the 11th volume onwards, the Journal of Housing Building and Planning is renamed the Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. It is a multi-disciplinary effort involving scientists, professionals and practitioners and it will specifically provide a unifying basis bringing together architects, landscape designers, engineers, project managers, construction managers, quantity surveyors, town planners, sociologists, property managers, facilities managers and designers, among others.

All contents of the journal are freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is all in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.


:: Aims and Scope

The Journal of Construction in Developing Countries seeks to provide a central vehicle for the exchange and dissemination of knowledge on issues relevant to the built environment of developing countries. The journal provides a wide range of original research an application papers on current developments and advances in the built environment as well as the economic, social, cultural and technological contexts of developing countries. It also publishes detailed case studies, as well as short communications and discussions. Topics covered include, but are not restricted to planning, urban economics, rural and regional development, housing, management and resource issues, sustiainability, knowledge and technology transfer, construction procurement, facilities management, information an communication technologies, strategies and policy issues, design issues, conservation and environmental issues.


:: Publication Ethics

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards on publications ethics. For further details please visit:


:: Current Issue

Volume 22, No. 1, 2017

Title: Marketing Strategies and Performance of Indigenous Construction Firms in Nigeria
Author: Chukwuemeka Patrick Ogbu
- Abstract  

Despite increased competition, construction firms are generally known to be lagging in the adoption of marketing strategies. The performance of indigenous construction firms (ICFs) in Nigeria has been severally criticised without commensurate research efforts to address the problem. This study focused on the influence of marketing strategies on the performance levels of ICFs in South-South Nigeria. Study questionnaires were purposively issued to CEOs and managers of ICFs (n = 87) in the research area. Maintaining a pool of professionals to boost company image (x=3.79) ranks highest among the identified marketing strategies. The Kruskal-Wallis H test of difference in the opinions of the different firm groups showed that a significant difference exists in the frequency of use of the marketing strategies by the different firm groups. A significant difference (p = 0.013) exists in the frequency of use of the marketing strategies by average performers (mean rank = 57.84) and high performers (mean rank = 78.03). The groups of marketing strategies that influence ICF level of performance are third-party-based, client-based, firm-based, and publicity-based strategies. Average-performer ICFs should make more frequent use of marketing strategies, and the use of project performance-based marketing strategies by ICFs should be increased.

Keywords: Firm performance, Indigenous construction firms, Marketing strategies

Title: A Dynamic Model of Contractor-Induced Delays in India
Author: Dillip Kumar Das and Fidelis Emuze
- Abstract  

To understand delays in the Indian construction context, an exploratory survey was conducted as a precursor to the development of simulation models. System Dynamics (SD) was used to visualise the pivotal feedback relations that cause delays to evolve mechanisms that reduce it. A community development construction project in India serves as the case for modelling. Findings of the study suggest that definite causal feedback relations exist among difficulties in financing the project, ineffective planning and scheduling, poor communication and coordination by the contractor, conflict between the contractor and other stakeholders and use of inappropriate construction methods and construction delays. However, the modelling efforts reveal that the use of these best practices can reduce delay significantly: provision of adequate project finances and cash flow, effective planning and scheduling, adoption of appropriate construction methods and contingencies for rework in the schedule.

Keywords: Construction, Delay, Project, System dynamics, India

Title: Built Environment Professionals' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Building Control Measures in Lagos State
Author: Rapheal Abiodun Ojelabi, Opeyemi Olanrewaju Oyeyipo and Adedeji Afolabi
- Abstract  

Due to the alarming rate of building collapse, this study assesses building control practices in Lagos state. It examines the effectiveness of building control practices, and it also identifies the factors limiting the capacity of building control practices. To achieve these objectives, quantitative techniques were used in which 61 questionnaires were distributed to selected professionals from contracting firms within the built environment. The sample was selected using the purposive sampling technique. The data collected were processed using mean item score, percentage and ANOVA. The study revealed that not all building control measures were thoroughly observed. It was discovered from the findings that, aside from the measure of processing and scrutinising the building plans for approval, which was duly observed, no other measures were observed, and they are all equally significant. The study also identifies factors that impede adherence to building control practices, such as corruption and the bureaucratic process, which were ranked highest. Hypothesis testing revealed that there is no significant difference among the professionals in their perception of the effectiveness of building control practices. In conclusion, this study recommends regular auditing of the activities of building control agencies due to the prevalence of corruption cases among their members.

Keywords: Building control, Sustainability, Lagos state, Built environment, Building construction

Title: An Investigation of the Factors That Impact the Intention to Adopt and Use mICT in the Libyan Construction Industry
Author: Jamal Sheglabo, Tanya McGill and Michael Dixon
- Abstract  

Information technology has been identified as a vital means for supporting construction project processes, but the level of adoption in the construction industry has been low relative to other sectors. Mobile Information and communications technology (mICT) allows people to access information from wherever they are, and as work in the construction industry is mainly fieldwork with highly mobile workers, mICT holds promise for the sector, particularly in developing countries. The aim of the study reported in this paper was to investigate factors that could impact stakeholders' adoption of mICT in the Libyan construction industry. A model of mICT adoption was developed and tested using data collected from a survey of 202 construction industry stakeholders from 15 companies in Libya. The analysis was undertaken using structural equation modelling. It was found that perceived usefulness and ease of use are important in determining the intention to adopt mICT and that they are influenced by self-efficacy and facilitating conditions. The cost of technology was not found to be a barrier to adoption. Recommendations are made to the construction industry in Libya and relevant government authorities to help improve awareness of the potential of mICT and to help improve potential users' self-efficacy.

Keywords: Mobile technology, Libyan construction industry, Technology adoption

Title: Multi-Attribute Utility Theory for Selecting an Appropriate Procurement Method in the Construction Projects
Author: Nabil I. El Sawalhi and Osama El Agha
- Abstract  

The selection of an appropriate procurement method is becoming an increasingly important issue due to complex decision making that clients are facing early in the lifecycle of construction projects. The aim of this paper is to improve the procurement system in the construction industry by developing a model using the multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) as a decision support system for the selection of an appropriate procurement method for construction projects in the Gaza Strip. Factors that influence the selection of an appropriate method for construction projects in the Gaza Strip are identified and the results indicate that the most significant six factors influencing the selection of procurement methods in the Gaza Strip construction projects are price competition, degree of project complexity, time constraints of the project, project size, client financial capability and client experience in procurement methods. The study concludes that there is no variety of procurement methods used in the Gaza Strip construction industry, as a traditional procurement method is preferred. This is because most professionals in the Gaza Strip are not familiar or experienced with alternative procurement methods. A model was developed using the MAUT to select the most appropriate procurement method. The MAUT as a decision support system was successful in identifying the appropriate procurement method.

Keywords: Procurement method, MAUT, Construction project

Title: Examining the Satisfaction Level of Construction Workers Regarding Safety Management in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Author: Subashini Suresh, Suresh Renukappa, Ibrahim Alghanmi, Sabah Mushatat and Raymond Olayinka
- Abstract  

The importance of the construction industry in Saudi Arabia cannot be overemphasised, as it provides the infrastructure required for other sectors of the economy to grow, thus reflecting the level of economic development in the country. However, in Saudi Arabia, the construction industry is among the most hazardous, with a high level of accidents and fatalities. This study examines health and safety practices in the construction industry of Saudi Arabia and identifies opportunities for improvement. It also discusses the safety climate. The study adopted a quantitative approach in which a survey questionnaire was distributed and returned at a 60% response rate. The survey data were analysed using descriptive statistics with SPSS statistical software. The findings show that the Saudi Arabia construction industry has made improvements in health and safety standards; however, there are opportunities for further improvement. There are on-going efforts to maintain reasonable health and safety standards for employees on-site, but conditions off-site, particularly those of migrant employees on fixed-term labour contracts, are difficult. Unpaid wages and lack of welfare facilities contribute to physical and psychological stresses that are linked to impaired on-site performance, lack of motivation, lack of productivity and a lack of interest in adhering to health and safety guidelines. The study concludes that it is possible to improve health and safety in the construction industry through the effective enforcement of existing health and safety laws, enacting legislation regarding off-site health and safety for migrant workers, maintaining a fund for social security, and improving the regulation of commercial and contractual transactions. This study contributes to the knowledge of government policy and decision making in implementing health and safety regulations in the construction industry.

Keywords: Health and safety practices, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Safety climate and welfare

Title: Production and Quality Levels of Construction Materials in Andean Regions: A Case Study of Chimborazo, Ecuador
Author: Oscar A. Cevallos, David Jaramillo, Carlos Ávila and Ximena Aldaz
- Abstract  

An important economic activity in the province of Chimborazo is the manufacturing and production of construction materials such as clay bricks, blocks, pavers and petrous materials (aggregates). These materials must meet minimum quality requirements to ensure proper mechanical behaviour and prolong the lifespan of civil construction projects. In this study, the quality of clay bricks, concrete blocks, paving bricks and natural aggregates for concrete produced in all the factories of the province from 2012 to 2015 was assessed. The results obtained were compared with the quality standards provided by the Ecuadorian Institute of Standardization (INEN). All testing procedures for the characterisation of physical and mechanical properties followed the guidelines set by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the British Standards Institution (BSI). This study presents the outcomes of the quality evaluation of construction materials produced in 258 factories located in the 10 districts (cantons) of Chimborazo. The study revealed that paving bricks and aggregates for concrete performed better than clay bricks and concrete blocks. The concrete block samples had the highest percentage of non-compliance with the specifications and the widest spread of the results. Quality problems in the production of construction materials were found in all the districts of Chimborazo.

Keywords: Quality control, Construction materials, Physical characterisation, Mechanical testing, Ecuador