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[Vol. 21, No. 2, 2016]


Published by
Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Print ISSN: 1823-6499
Online ISSN: 2180-4222
Frequency: Biannually
Current Issue: Volume 21, No. 2, 2016
Abstracting/Indexing: EBSCO, MyAIS, Google Scholar, DOAJ, Scopus

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries is listed in ERA Ranked Journal List.

USM has extended content delivery format for its journals’ publication in print and PDF to include ePub, to address the growing need for more mobile accessibility.

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries bags Ministry of Education CREAM Award
:: Home

The Journal of Construction in Developing Countries (JCDC) is a scholarly peer-reviewed international publication, invaluable to those who are interested in the issues relevant to the built environment of developing countries. The bi-annual journal is published by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia in cooperation with the working Commission 107 (W107) of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building Construction (CIB). It is building upon the work of the former Journal of Housing Building and Planning by expanding its scope. From the 11th volume onwards, the Journal of Housing Building and Planning is renamed the Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. It is a multi-disciplinary effort involving scientists, professionals and practitioners and it will specifically provide a unifying basis bringing together architects, landscape designers, engineers, project managers, construction managers, quantity surveyors, town planners, sociologists, property managers, facilities managers and designers, among others.

All contents of the journal are freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is all in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.


:: Aims and Scope

The Journal of Construction in Developing Countries seeks to provide a central vehicle for the exchange and dissemination of knowledge on issues relevant to the built environment of developing countries. The journal provides a wide range of original research an application papers on current developments and advances in the built environment as well as the economic, social, cultural and technological contexts of developing countries. It also publishes detailed case studies, as well as short communications and discussions. Topics covered include, but are not restricted to planning, urban economics, rural and regional development, housing, management and resource issues, sustiainability, knowledge and technology transfer, construction procurement, facilities management, information an communication technologies, strategies and policy issues, design issues, conservation and environmental issues.


:: Publication Ethics

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards on publications ethics. For further details please visit:


:: Current Issue

Volume 21, No. 2, 2016

Title: Enablers and Barriers to Project Planning and Scheduling Based on Construction Projects in Oman
Author: Hammad Al Nasseri and Radhlinah Aulin
- Abstract  

While the concepts of planning and scheduling seem to be adequately discussed in the project management literature, relatively few examples of factors specifically affecting the performance of planning and scheduling are to be found. The study reported in this paper investigated a set of factors identified as enablers and barriers to successful project planning and scheduling of construction projects in Oman. The study adopted a questionnaire-based survey to measure the impact of each factor. The data were analysed using the relative impact (or importance) index (RII). On the basis of RII rankings, the results revealed that the identified enablers and barriers were all considered significant. This could imply that all of the factors should be considered equally from the perspective of project planning and scheduling, including schedule control. In addition, the results suggest that project managers should pay attention to the more significant barriers to mitigate their potential impacts on planning and scheduling. Recommendations for mitigating those barriers are presented. The study provides useful insights into the impact of various factors on the planning and scheduling performance of construction projects in Oman and how improvement might be achieved.

Keywords: Project planning, Scheduling barriers, Scheduling enablers, Relative impact index, Oman

Title: Factors Affecting Contractors' Bidding Decisions for Construction Projects in Nigeria
Author: Opeyemi Olanrewaju Oyeyipo, Koleola Tunwase Odusami, Rapheal Abiodun Ojelabi and Adedeji Olushola Afolabi
- Abstract  

Bidding is the most common means by which contractors obtain work. The construction industry accounts for approximately three quarters of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the country. It is generally believed that wrong bidding practice is a major contributor to the construction industry's inefficiency. This means that any improvement in bidding has the potential to enhance the industry's performance, improve the quality of the decision-making process and assist in achieving the strategic objective of contracting organisations. In an effort to uncover the main factors that characterise the bid/no bid decision of contracting organisations, a study to evaluate the factors that affect contractors' decisions to bid for a project and to evaluate the importance of the identified factors to decision makers was conducted. A structured questionnaire was used as the principal instrument for collecting data from respondents. A total sample of 100 was drawn from these collections of construction contractors from Lagos state. Fifty were completed and returned, representing a 50% response rate. Frequency, percentage, mean score and Spearman's correlation were used in analysing data collected for the study. The results indicate that the financial capability of clients, availability of capital and availability of material are the most important factors that contractors consider when making a bid/no bid decision. The study also reveals that competition (number and identity of competitors) does not have significant influence on contractors' bidding decisions. The study recommends that contractors should also build their reputations in the construction industry by acquiring technical competencies and capabilities as these qualities have become important considerations in assessing contractors' competiveness, as well as being key indicators of successful tendering in construction projects.

Keywords: Bidding, Competition, Contractors, Decision making, Tender

Title: Impact of Variation Orders on Time and Cost in Mega Hydropower Projects of Pakistan
Author: Hashim Hanif, Muhammad Bilal Khurshid, Søren Munch Lindhard and Zuhaib Aslam
- Abstract  

The occurrence of variation orders (VOs) in the construction industry is a regular trend all over the world. Hydropower projects are no exception, and it is difficult to find a hydropower project in Pakistan that does not experience VOs. The current research investigates the causes and impacts of VOs in mega hydropower projects using case studies of three mega hydropower projects in Pakistan. The results illustrate that errors and omissions in design, changes in scope and changes in design were among the three top contributing factors to VOs in hydropower projects that resulted in time and cost overruns. Because of VOs, the time overrun is 20%, and the cost overrun is 31% with respect to the planned time and cost of the project. Based on this research, the study recommends measures to curb the causes and impacts of VOs to optimise the construction process of mega hydropower projects.

Keywords: Mega hydropower projects, Variation order (VO), Time overrun, Cost overrun, Pakistan

Title: Barriers to Applying Value Management in the Vietnamese Construction Industry
Author: Soo-Yong Kim, Yeon-San Lee, Viet Thanh Nguyen and Van Truong Luu
- Abstract  

The value management (VM) approach often faces many barriers when applied in the Vietnamese construction industry, as well as in many other developing countries. Most of the related past works identify an insufficient number of factors that hinder the application of VM. This study identified 18 factors hindering the application of VM in the construction industry. To gather views from industrial practitioners with many years of experience in construction projects, this study administered questionnaire surveys. The findings revealed that the four greatest obstacles to the application of VM were the lack of VM experts, the lack of knowledge about VM, the lack of local VM guidelines, as well as technical norms and standards, and the lack of investments, support policies and human resources to conduct VM in construction companies. Additionally, the factor analysis method was applied to investigate the correlation effects of the hindrance factors, which resulted in four core components representing the hindrance factors, namely, lack of qualified personnel to implement VM, inherent difficulties with VM workshops, lack of awareness of VM, and lack of VM application documents. The study contributes to the body of knowledge relating to the application of VM in the construction industry. The findings can be generalised to many developing countries, as they face similar problems in terms of promoting the application of VM in the construction industry.

Keywords: Value management, Value engineering, Construction industry, Developing countries, Vietnam

Title: Critical Barriers to Implementing Risk Assessment and Management Practices (RAMP) in the Iranian Construction Sector
Author: Nicholas Chileshe, M. Reza Hosseini and Jacqueline Jepson
- Abstract  

Late completions, frequent work stoppages and cost overruns are common issues in developing countries. Effective risk management (RM) can be utilised to address these common construction issues; however, the uptake of risk management within the Iranian construction industry, as in many developing nations, is limited. This study explored why RM is not used through a questionnaire survey of 90 professionals in the Iranian construction industry. The findings show that professionals in the industry perceive the three greatest barriers to be (1) a lack of experience among practitioners, (2) the lack of available risk management consultants and (3) a lack of knowledge and necessary skills. In contrast, the professionals believed that the least common barriers were tight scheduling of projects and costs associated with risk management implementation. No significant differences were found between the perceptions of the three sub-groups—contractors, consultants and clients (private and public)—regarding the barriers to risk management. The study contributes to the field by providing insights into what causes the low level of implementation of risk assessment and management practices (RAMP) in Iran. It is anticipated that this type of study will result in raising the level of awareness about practices designed to improve risk management in developing countries. The study advocates a number of solutions for addressing the identified barriers. These solutions can be implemented or used as guidelines by construction companies and policy makers in other developing countries confronting similar problems.

Keywords: Risk assessment, Risk management, Barriers, Developing countries, Construction industry, Iran

Title: Confirmatory Strategic Information Technology Implementation for Building Information Modelling Adoption Model
Author: Wallace Imoudu Enegbuma, Godwin Uche Aliagha, Kherun Nita Ali and Yusuf Yunusa Badiru
- Abstract  

Information technology (IT) developments in the construction industry require a proportionate response by construction professionals. Building information modelling (BIM) requires strategic changes to the traditional ways construction is carried out. BIM adoption in Malaysia is growing because of recent efforts to sensitise construction professionals on the need for strategic IT implementation. This paper builds on the theory of business process re-engineering and computer integrated construction for a BIM adoption model. Data were collected from 352 construction professionals (architects, quantity surveyors, engineers and contractors). The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18 for descriptive modelling and Analysis of Moment of Structures (AMOS) version 18 for structural equation modelling. Descriptive results showed a high prevalence of the need for BIM competent professionals. Multivariate results revealed a high correlation within the measurement model for business process re-engineering and computer integrated construction. The second-order confirmatory model showed that business process re-engineering and computer integrated construction had a high impact on strategic IT Implementation. Overall, the model validated the conceptual framework of the impact of strategic IT implementation on the adoption rate of BIM in the perception of construction industry professionals in Malaysia. The result denotes the first part of the full adoption model, which can be compared with the adoption rate in other countries. Subsequent research using a diverse sample selection focuses on the mediating effect of collaboration on BIM adoption.

Keywords: Adoption, Building information modelling (BIM), Construction, Information technology (IT), Malaysia

Title: The Case for a Construction Industry Council in Ghana
Author: Joseph Kwame Ofori-Kuragu, De-Graft Owusu-Manu and Joshua Ayarkwa
- Abstract  

The Ghanaian construction industry faces major problems that undermine its potential and contribution to overall national development. There is a general acceptance of the need to develop structures and improve regulations within the Ghanaian construction industry. However, the fragmentation of stakeholders has resulted in the absence of a clear agenda within the industry to address apparent problems that affect performance within the industry. Whilst there have been previous initiatives to help deliver industry-wide improvements in the Ghanaian construction industry, they have not received direct sustained attention from a single organisation with broad stakeholder participation. This undermines progress in the efforts to improve the overall environment and performance in the industry. This paper explores the development of a multi-stakeholder representative body for the Ghanaian construction industry to provide leadership in the pursuit of reform in the Ghanaian construction industry. The literature on developments within the global construction industry and industry initiatives to improve performance have been reviewed. This provides new pathways to ongoing efforts to achieve industry-wide regulation. It has been recognised in this paper that the ultimate objective towards the attainment of industry-wide improvements in the Ghanaian construction industry remains the establishment of an Industry Development Agency.

Keywords: Construction, Industry development, Leadership, Ghana, Performance